Sumernet

adaptation - community-based

Alternative upland farming system under different climate scenarios

This paper presents projected climate change scenarios in selected Philippine uplands in 2020, 2050 and 2080; their potential impacts on rice yield if current practices continue; and recommended alternatives to achieve food security and sustainability. The results can be used by local planners in preparing local plans to mitigate social, economic and environmental impacts of climate variability and extremes on a specific sector.

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Improving adaptive capacity of small-scale rice farmers: Comparative analysis of Lao PDR and the Philippines

The paper provides a comparative analysis of the adaptive capacity and current adaptation strategies of small-scale rice farm households in these countries. The analysis focused on two top rice-producing provinces in each country that are vulnerable to climate risks. It covered three rice production environments or ecozones - irrigated lowland, rainfed lowland and rainfed upland in two cropping seasons, wet and dry.

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Giải quyết tổn thương sinh kế người dân phải cải thiện các chính sách quản lý lũ ở tỉnh An Giang, Việt Nam

Tỉnh An Giang của Việt Nam là một trong những tỉnh dễ bị tổn thương nhất đối với lũ. Hàng năm, lũ xảy ra do mưa gió mùa nhiệt đới và gây ảnh hưởng đến hàng ngàn hộ gia đình. Mặc dù đã có một số những nỗ lực của cả chính quyền địa phương và trung ương nhưng quản lý lũ lụt vẫn chưa hiệu quả do một số yếu tố, trong đó một trong những yếu tố quan trọng nhất là thiếu các công cụ để đánh giá sinh kế và tính dễ bị tổn thương để tìm hiểu cách mà người dân, đặc biệt là người nghèo sinh sống và tìm kiếm sinh kế của họ. Những cản trở chính khác làm cho việc quản lý lũ kém hiệu quả bao gồm
Vietnamese

Addressing livelihood vulnerability for improved flood management policies in An Giang province, Vietnam

An Giang province in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam is one of the provinces in Vietnam that is most vulnerable to floods. Every year, the floods caused by the monsoonal rains affect thousands of households. Despite a number of efforts by both the local and central government, flood management was not effective due to several factors of which one of the most important was the lack of tools for assessment of livelihoods and vulnerabilities to understand how people especially the poorer sections live and make their livelihoods.

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Application of livelihood vulnerability index to assess risks from flood vulnerability and climate variability - A case study in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam

This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) that developed by Hahn et al. (2009) to estimate flood vulnerability in two villages, Phu Huu (An Phu district) and Ta Danh (Tri Ton district) of An Giang province. We surveyed 120 households in each village to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, health, social networks, physical and finance, natural resources, natural disasters and climate variability. Gathered data were calculated for LVIs using a composite index and differential vulnerabilities were compared. Results show that the overall LVI of Phu Huu is higher than overall LVI of Ta Danh village. The result is also suggested that this practical method may be applied for other purposes, to monitor vulnerability, evaluate potential program or policy effectiveness by introducing scenarios into the LVI model for baseline comparison.

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Participatory social return on investment (PSROI): Greater Mekong basin climate change adaptation planning and costing project

Development in the Mekong Region, especially to support rural livelihoods and assure national food security, will be threatened and perhaps even reversed if climate change adaptation is not appropriately addressed. The project works with communities in prioritizing and planning community based adaptation (CBA) strategies, followed by a complete analysis of the monetary, social and environmental impacts of the priority measures using Social Return on Investment (SROI).

Vulnerability assessment of livelihoods in Lower Mekong Basin: Adaptation options for enhancing capacity of people living in the most vulnerable flood-prone areas in Cambodia and Vietnam

Millions of people living in the Lower Mekong Basin, especially people living in the flood-prone areas between Cambodia and Vietnam, are among the poorest and most vulnerable to flood because more serious flood and low resilience capacity in coping with floods.